Makara Sankranti 2018 is one of the most celebrated festivals in India but astrologically, it is the day when Sun begins its movement away from the tropic of Capricorn and towards the northern hemisphere.
Sun will start appearing to rise towards North-East for next 6 months.
This year, Sun moves into Capricorn (Makara Rasi) at 11:22 IST on 14 January 2018.
Sun will start rising and setting slightly towards North-East and North-West respecitvely from 14th January 2018.
That is why this period of next 6 months is called Uttarayan, which means uttar(north)+ayan(movement) of sun.
The remaining 6 months are termed as dakshinayan which means south movement of sun.
This is the start of day for devas (gods) in heaven, which will last for 6 months of human time.
This is very much similar to the 6 months day at north pole after winter solstice and 6 months night from summer solstice.
This year’s Makar (Capricorn), Sankranti (Sankraman = transmigration) occurs on 14th January 2014 at 11:22 hours IST (according to K.P Ayanamsa).
Holy scriptures suggest that 5 Ghatis duration after Sunrise (if Sankranti happens after Sunset on previous day) and 1 Ghati duration after Sankranti moment (if Sankranti happens in day time) are highly auspicious. If this Muhurtham is available, it is listed as Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta.
Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta, if available, should be preferred over Punya Kaal Muhurta.
4 hours from 11:22 IST is called as Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta and Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta is only the initial 24 minutes after Sun moves into Capricorn.
This is the best time to take bath, offer water to Sun, sit alone and meditate on what has been bothering your mind and body since past 6 months.
This is also the best time to spend at a peaceful place and recite Gayatri Mantra in silence.
Few areas have tradition of celebrating Sankranti on next day, if Sun enters Capricorn after sunrise on previous day, but punya kaal will be missed out.
Makar Sankranti 2018 Phalam
Sankranti Karna : Garija
Sankranti Weekday : Sunday
Sankranti Date : 14 January 2018
Sankranti Moment : 11:22 IST
Sankranti Moonsign : Vrischika (Scorpio)
Sankranti Yoga : Priti
Sankranti tithi : Trayodasi (13th Lunar day) – Indicates good for Agriculture and Food Industries
Sankranti Nakshatra : Jyeshta (Scorpii & Antares)
Sankranti Yoga : Dhruva
More details about Daily Panchangam elements
As Makara Sankranti in 2018 happens after sunrise on 14th January, all rituals should be done on same day and completed before sunset.
Sankranti Purusha enters as Ghora namadheya, on Bull (vahana).
He arrives arrives with the name of Ghora (harmful to labour), by bathing Agaru (Scented water) snana (good rains), adorning with Blanket as Vasthra (Threats and Fears for religious heads), Black Lotues flowers (Loss of seasonal fruits), wearing Red Coral Stone (bad for bad people), holding weapon (war and terrific situations for police and army), holding the peacock umbrella (many people will die), eating in aluminium alloy bowl (diseases across the world) eating Curd/Yogurt (skin diseases), on Bull (famine and hunger), in Vaayuvya disha – North West side (earth quakes, terrorist attacks in North West regions).
Vedic Panchang lists characteristic of each Sankranti. These characteristics are omen of coming events in the month. Whatever items are influenced by Sankranti Purusha are believed to go through bad time.
Example : If Makara Sankranti Purusha is adorning with copper then the coming month is not good for those who deal in gold commodity and so on.
In 2018 it will be Alloys.
He is travelling faced West and North-West, so states along Pakistan border in India, Middle-East, European countries and USA will face tough situations.
Most European countries will face a situation similar to civil war, due to immigrants.
But he will be looking back in the direction of South-East, which brings terrorist attacks in Malaysia, Indonesia, Australia.
Religious wars, bomb blasts, will happen in Asia and Europe.
In general, Makar Sankranti 2018 with Sun in Capricorn and transit of Jupiter, Venus, Mars and Mercury brings good luck, wealth and health for people born in Moon Signs and Ascendants of Aries, Leo.
It will be an average month for those born in Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius.
This will be bad for other signs.