Makara Sankranti 2019 is one of the most celebrated festivals in India but astrologically, it is the day when Sun begins its movement away from the tropic of Capricorn and towards the northern hemisphere.
Sun will start rising and setting slightly towards North-East and North-West respecitvely from 15th January 2019.
That is why this period of next 6 months is called Uttarayan, which means uttar(north)+ayan(movement) of sun.
The remaining 6 months are termed as dakshinayan which means south movement of sun.
This is the start of day for devas (gods) in heaven, which will last for 6 months of human time.
This is very much similar to the 6 months day at north pole after winter solstice and 6 months night from summer solstice.
Originally, this was celebrated as Winter Solstice in ancient India but later due to the fact that the solstices are continually precessing at a rate of 50″ / year due to the precession of the equinoxes, winter solstice now occurs at 21st december each year.
This year’s Makar (Capricorn), Sankranti (Sankraman = transmigration) occurs on 14th January 2019 at 17:27 hours IST (according to K.P Ayanamsa).
5.5 hours from sunrise on next morning is called as Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta and Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta is only the initial 110 minutes from sunrise.
This is the best time to take bath, offer water to Sun, sit alone and meditate on what has been bothering your mind and body since past 6 months.
This is also the best time to spend at a peaceful place and recite Gayatri Mantra in silence.
Surya Siddhantha bridges this difference by juxtaposing the four solstitial and equinotial points with four of the twelve boundaries of the signs.
In Vedas, Uttarayan is termed as day of gods (devas in heaven) and Dakshinayan is their night. This is very much similar to the 6 months day at north pole after winter solstice and 6 months night from summer solstice.
Uttarayana as the period between the Vernal and Autumnal equinoxes (when there is Midnight Sun at the North Pole). Conversely, Dakshinaya is defined as the period between the Autumnal and Vernal Equinoxes, when there is midnight sun at the South Pole. This period is also referred to as Pitrayana (with the Pitrus (i.e. ancestors) being placed at the South Pole).
Usually when Uttarayana starts, it is a start of winter. When equinox slides it will increase ayanamsha and Makar Sankranti will also slide. In 1000 CE, Makar Sankranti was on Dec 31st and now it falls on January 14th; after 9000 years Makara Sankranti will be in June.
It would seem absurd to have Uttarayana in June when sun is about to begin its ascent upwards i.e Dakshinayana. This misconception continues as there is not much difference between actual Uttarayana date of Dec 21 and January 14. However, the difference will be significant as equinoxes slide further.
Uttarayana is the day when the day is shortest on the earth. According to srimad bhagavatam 5.21.7 “Duration of Days start to increase from Uttarayana commencement“. Even as per srimad bhagwatam that day is december 22nd.
Makar Sankranti 2019 Phalam
Sankranti Karna : Bava
Sankranti Weekday : Monday
Sankranti Date : 14 January 2019 (celebrated on 15 January)
Sankranti Moment : 17:27 IST
Sankranti Moonsign : Mesha (Aries)
Sankranti Yoga : Siddha
Sankranti Nakshatra : Aswini (β and γ Arietis)
Sankranti Lagna : Gemini (Mithuna)
Sankranti Purusha enters as Dhwaanksha namadheya, on Simha Vahana (Lion).
He arrives arrives with the name of Dhwanksha (harmful to rulers and businessmen), by bathing chandodaka (sandalwood paste) snana (auspicious), adorning with Swetha Vasthra (Health to people but clothes become expensive), ‘Punnaga Pushpa’ flowers (Loss of Reputation for celebrities), wearing Manikya or Ruby (prices of gemstones increase), holding Pestle (terrifying situations and unrest among civilians), holding the white umbrella (bad health and viral diseases), in golden bowl (gold, silver prices increase) eating food items made of pulse grains and coconut (more food production), traveling on Lion (unusual political combiations and unrest), in East side (Natural Calamities in Bengal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Japan).
Vedic Panchang lists characteristic of each Sankranti. These characteristics are omen of coming events in the month. Whatever items are influenced by Sankranti Purusha are believed to go through bad time.
Example : If Makara Sankranti Purusha is adorning with gold then the coming month is not good for those who deal in iron, copper and so on.
In 2019 it will be Gold, so people extracting or selling iron will face some losses.
He is travelling faced East, so Korea, Japan, China, Bangladesh, Eastern states of India will face tough situations.
But he will be looking back in the direction of West, which brings terrorist and radical attacks on European countries.
Religious wars, bomb blasts, hijacking, kidnapping, mass murders, helicopter and flash crashes will happen in Europe and Asia.
Due to Sun trasiting with rising sign Gemini, people in Indian Subcontinent will indulge more into extra-marital affairs.
In general, Makar Sankranti 2019 with Sun in Capricorn and transit of Venus and Mercury brings good luck, wealth and health for people born in Moon Signs and Ascendants of Pisces, Leo & Scorpio.
It will be an average month for those born in Aries, Taurus, Virgo, Sagittarius.
This will be bad for other signs.