Makara Sankranti 2021 is celebrated as a festival in India but astrologically, it is the day when Sun enters zodiac sign Capricorn.
It begins its movement away from the tropic of Capricorn and towards the northern hemisphere. That is why next 6 months are called as ‘Uttarayan (uttar(north)+ayan(movement) of sun)’.
That is why we notice Sun rising and setting slightly towards North-East and North-West respecitvely between mid-january to mid-july in every year.
This period is called Uttarayan in vedic terms and it means uttar(north)+ayan(movement) of sun.
The remaining 6 months are termed as dakshinayan which means south movement of sun.
Originally, this was celebrated as Winter Solstice in ancient India but later due to the fact that the solstices are continually precessing at a rate of 50″ / year due to the precession of the equinoxes, winter solstice now occurs at 21st december each year.
This year’s Makar (Capricorn), Sankranti (Sankraman = transmigration) occurs on 14th January 2021 at 05:51 hours IST (according to K.P Ayanamsa).
9.5 hours from sunrise moment on this day is called as Sankranti Punya Kaal Muhurta and Mahapunya Kaal Muhurta is only the initial 112 minutes from sunrise.
This is the best time to take bath, offer water to Sun, sit alone and meditate on what has been bothering your mind and body since past 6 months.
This is also the best time to spend in a temple or at a peaceful place and recite Gayatri Mantra in silence.
Surya Siddhantha bridges this difference by juxtaposing the four solstitial and equinotial points with four of the twelve boundaries of the signs.
In Vedas, Uttarayan is termed as day of gods (devas in heaven) and Dakshinayan is their night. This is very much similar to the 6 months day at north pole after winter solstice and 6 months night from summer solstice.
Uttarayana as the period between the Vernal and Autumnal equinoxes (when there is Midnight Sun at the North Pole). Conversely, Dakshinaya is defined as the period between the Autumnal and Vernal Equinoxes, when there is midnight sun at the South Pole. This period is also referred to as Pitrayana (with the Pitrus (i.e. ancestors) being placed at the South Pole).
Usually when Uttarayana starts, it is a start of winter. When equinox slides it will increase ayanamsha and Makar Sankranti will also slide. In 1000 AD, Makar Sankranti was on Dec 31st and now it falls on January 14th; after 9000 years Makara Sankranti will be in June.
It would seem absurd to have Uttarayana in June when sun is about to begin its ascent upwards i.e Dakshinayana. This misconception continues as there is not much difference between actual Uttarayana date of Dec 21 and January 14. However, the difference will be significant as equinoxes slide further.
Uttarayana is the day when the day is shortest on the earth. According to srimad bhagavatam 5.21.7 “Duration of Days start to increase from Uttarayana commencement“. Even as per srimad bhagwatam that day is december 22nd (~3800 years ago when Bhagavatam was composed)
This year’s Makar (Capricorn), Sankranti (Sankraman = transmigration) occurs on 14th January 2014 at approximately 05:51 AM, IST (according to K.P Ayanamsa).
In vedic religion, God doesn’t have any shape and for us, time is manifestation of God.
Vishnu or Narayana is worshipped through Sun God and this Sun’s equinoxes are celebrated as festivals.
Makara Sankranti Phalam for 2021
Sankranti Karna = Bava
Sankranti Weekday = Wednesday (Thursday after sunrise)
Sankranti Date = 14 January 2021
Sankranti Moment = 05:51 AM, IST (07:45 according to Drik Siddantham/Panchangam or N.C.Lahiri Ayanamsa)
Sankranti Ghati = 5 (Dinamana)
Sankranti Moonsign = Makara
Sankranti Nakshatra = Sravana (Chara Sangyaka)
Sankranti Purusha enters as Mandakini (harmful to kings, emperors or rulers), on Gaja vahana (Elephant).
This is bad omen for religious heads.
He is bathing with neem leaves soaked water (auspicious), wearing Blood Red color clothes (bad omen), sandalwood paste (people become health conscious), holding silver bowl (silver loses market), eating banana (good), seated on elephant (political turmoil in few states and countries), Red umbrella (fear of war), travels south (bad effects like natural calamities for South states in India), angry face (more people die).
This year (2021) will be good for thieves and criminals. Excess rains and good amount of food production.
In general, Makar Sankranti 2021 with Sun in Capricorn with Saturn, Jupiter, Moon and Mercury brings good luck, wealth and health for people born in Moon Signs and Ascendants of Pisces, Leo , Taurus and Scorpio.
It will be an average month for those born in Aries, Virgo, Sagittarius.
This will be bad for other signs.