Makara Sankranti 2020 is one of the most celebrated festivals in India but astrologically, it is the day when Sun begins its movement away from the tropic of Capricorn and towards the northern hemisphere.
Sun will start rising and setting slightly towards North-East and North-West respecitvely from 15th January 2020.
That is why this period of next 6 months is called Uttarayan, which means uttar(north)+ayan(movement) of sun, where Sun rises a bit towards North-East.
The remaining 6 months are termed as dakshinayan which means south movement of sun, where Sun rises a bit towards South-East.
This is the start of day for devas (gods) in heaven, which will last for 6 months of human time.
This is very much similar to the 6 months day at north pole after winter solstice and 6 months night from summer solstice.
Originally, this was celebrated as Winter Solstice in ancient India but later due to the fact that the solstices are continually precessing at a rate of 50″ / year due to the precession of the equinoxes, winter solstice now occurs at 21st december each year.
This year’s Makar (Capricorn), Sankranti (Sankraman = transmigration) occurs on 14th January 2020 at 23:44 hours IST (according to K.P Ayanamsa).
5.5 hours from sunrise on next morning is called as Sankranti Punya Kaala Muhurta and Mahapunya Kaala Muhurta is only the initial 110 minutes from sunrise.
This is the best time to take bath, offer water to Sun, sit alone and meditate on what has been bothering your mind and body since past 6 months.
This is also the best time to spend at a peaceful place and recite Gayatri or any Mantra in silence.
Surya Siddhantha bridges this difference by juxtaposing the four solstitial and equinotial points with four of the twelve boundaries of the signs.
In Vedas, Uttarayan is termed as day of gods (devas in heaven) and Dakshinayan is their night. This is very much similar to the 6 months day at north pole after winter solstice and 6 months night from summer solstice.
Uttarayana as the period between the Vernal and Autumnal equinoxes (when there is Midnight Sun at the North Pole). Conversely, Dakshinaya is defined as the period between the Autumnal and Vernal Equinoxes, when there is midnight sun at the South Pole. This period is also referred to as Pitrayana (with the Pitrus (i.e. ancestors) being placed at the South Pole).
Usually when Uttarayana starts, it is a start of winter. When equinox slides it will increase ayanamsha and Makar Sankranti will also slide. In 1000 CE, Makar Sankranti was on Dec 31st and now it falls on January 14th; after 9000 years Makara Sankranti will be in June.
It would seem absurd to have Uttarayana in June when sun is about to begin its ascent upwards i.e Dakshinayana. This misconception continues as there is not much difference between actual Uttarayana date of Dec 21 and January 14. However, the difference will be significant as equinoxes slide further.
Uttarayana is the day when the day is shortest on the earth. According to srimad bhagavatam 5.21.7 “Duration of Days start to increase from Uttarayana commencement“. Even as per srimad bhagwatam that day is december 22nd.
Makara Sankranti 2020 Phalam
Sankranti Karana : Kaulava (Those born in this Karana will be intent on doing bad deeds as their earlier environment was not congenial to molding a good character)
Sankranti Weekday : Tuesday
Sankranti Date : 14 January 2020 (celebrated on 15 January)
Sankranti Moment : 23:44 IST
Sankranti Moonsign : Simha (Leo)
Sankranti Yoga : Soubhagya
Sankranti Nakshatra : Poorva Phalguni (δ and θ Leonis)
Sankranti Lagna : Virgo (Kanya)
Sankranti Purusha enters as Mandha namadheya, on Gardhaba Vahana (seated on Donkey).
He arrives arrives with the name of Mandha (harmful to priests and religous persons), by bathing kumkuma (red vermillion paste) snana (bad for rulers), adorning with Peetha (golden) Vasthra (bad to citizens), ‘Karaveera Pushpa’ (Oleander flowers) (not good for romance), wearing Vajra or Diamond (defamation), holding Cance (terrifying situations and war situations), holding the black umbrella (dark colored gemstones are sold less), in iron bowl (bad for iron and steel market) eating food items made of Flour cake and Black Plum (Bomb Blasts in Major cities), traveling on Donkey (cattle will die), in West side (Natural Calamities and destruction in Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Pakistan, Afghanistan).
Vedic Panchang lists characteristic of each Sankranti. These characteristics are omen of coming events in the month. Whatever items are influenced by Sankranti Purusha are believed to go through bad time.
Example : If Makara Sankranti Purusha is adorning with metals then the coming month is not good for those who deal in iron, copper and so on.
For Makara Sankranti 2020 it will be Iron, so people extracting or selling iron/steel will face some losses.
He is travelling faced West, so Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Western states of India will face tough situations.
But he will be looking back in the direction of East, which brings radical movements from Myanmar, Bangladesh, Bengal.
Bomb blasts, civil wars, political unrest, terrorist attacks will happen major cities of India.
Due to Sun trasiting with rising sign Virgo, teenagers in Indian Subcontinent will indulge more into sexual affairs, alchoholism and drug usage.
In general, Makar Sankranti 2020 with Sun in Capricorn and transit of Saturn and Mercury brings good luck, wealth and health for people born in Moon Signs and Ascendants of Pisces, Leo & Scorpio.
It will be an average month for those born in Aries, Virgo, Sagittarius.