According to Vedic astrology, Sun is the most important among the nine planets which influences the life of an individual. The modern science also certifies that the entire biosphere is sustained by the Sun and it is the main driving force for the entire life support system of the earth. It will be pertinent to examine how Sun was viewed in ancient Vedic literature.
The Vedic literatures talk about Sun as a giver and sustainer of life. The “Matsya Purana” says “Aarogyam Bhashkaradichhet” (Sun is the giver of good health). Saints and learned people in India devised different methods of Sun worship and “Surya Namaskar” (prostrating to Sun God).
The ray of the rising Sun was considered very important for the health of all plants and animals including man. This has the capacity to annihilate disease-causing factors and bestow good health. According to “Rig Veda”, the rays of the rising Sun can heal heart problems, jaundice, anemia etc. The “Atharva Veda” also says that the rays have unique healing properties for heart-related problems and for patients suffering from anemia.
This is the reason why Vedas prescribe worship of the rising Sun by facing east at the time of sunrise. The ray of the Sun falling directly on the chest is highly beneficial for a good health. The rays of the morning Sun are more beneficial compared to its rays at any other time of the day.
There is a reference of 22 diseases in the 9th chapter of “Atharva Veda” which can be cured by the rays of the rising Sun. Some common ailments given in the list are headache, earache, anemia, diseases of head, deafness, blindness, all kinds of body pain, stiffness of body-joints, all types of fever, jaundice, diseases of stomach, poisoning, diseases caused by imbalance of “Vaata” and “Kapha” elements, diseases of urine, pain in eyes, diseases of lungs, bones, cartilage, intestines, genitals, tuberculosis, wounds, diseases of backbone, knees, thighs, leprosy etc.
The “Atharva Veda” further says that living in the rays of Sun is akin to living in the world of elixir. The “Rig Veda” also gives the same recommendation and certifies that the rays of the Sun prolong the life of an individual. According to Hindu mythology, the Sun marches across the sky from east to west in his chariot which is pulled by seven horses. Horses are clear symbols of seven types of rays. Modern science also certifies that the Sun light is a mixture of seven colors emitted from the Sun (VIBGYOR) and every color wave has healing properties.
Many ailments mentioned in “Atharva Veda” are very common ailments. The placement and condition of Sun in the natal horoscope can provide clues to occurrence of such diseases. The placement can also provide a fairly good idea about the total duration of suffering from a particular disease. This can be indicated by an astrologer on the basis of a properly drawn horoscope. Sun worship is always beneficial. Its necessity gets enhanced if Sun is afflicted or weak in the natal horoscope of an individual.