â€œSurya Shasthi Pujaâ€ (also known as Chhath) comes after â€œDeepavaliâ€ on â€œKartik Shukla Paksha Shasthiâ€ which coincides with October- November. â€œChhathâ€ is celebrated twice in a year â€œKartik Chhathâ€ is more important because fasting is easy in this month. The second occasion comes in the summer season in March- April which is called â€œChaiti Chhathâ€. Waterless fasting is difficult in the summer season.
Sun, in Hindu religion, is visualized as a deity who transits from east to west in his chariot pulled by seven white horses. The horses are the symbols of the seven days of the week. Some world famous temples were also constructed in honor of the Sun God. One such temple is the Sun temple at Konark near Bhubaneshwar in Orissa which was constructed by King Narasimhadeva in the 13 th Century A.D.
It has been established by scientific research that all life in the biosphere and all the activities in the ecosystem of the earth are driven by solar energy. Therefore, the Sun is the real driver of the automatically operating life-support-system. This reality was realized by the rishis and saints of ancient India and they devised method of offering respect to the â€œSurya Devâ€ (Sun God) on the occasion of â€œSurya Shasthi Pujaâ€.
â€œChhathâ€ is the leading puja of the â€œMiddle Ganga Plainsâ€ in India . The main states are Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar . It has also spread to Jharkhand and adjoining Chattishgarh and Madhya Pradesh. The Ganga plain is one of the densely populated parts of the country and rural workers have migrated to metro cities in search of jobs. The proportion of such migrant workers is very high in Delhi , Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata. The migrant workers either go to their native place for â€œChhath Pujaâ€ or observe it at their place of work.
When people celebrate â€œChhath Pujaâ€ in Delhi and Mumbai, it becomes an important occasion for political leaders to come forward for organizing and managing the affairs of the celebration keeping an eye on the electoral votes of migrant workers. These practices have popularized â€œChhath Pujaâ€ in the country.
Millions of such migrant workers make an annual journey back to their native place for â€œChhathâ€. It is really hard to get railway reservation during this period. The government runs many special trains for commutation for about one month covering the three consecutive festivals of â€œDurga Pujaâ€, â€œDeepavaliâ€ and â€œChhathâ€.Linkback: https://www.astrogle.com/forums/spiritual-traditions-religions-symbols/28/surya-shashti-puja/936/